American Eskimo Dog

In the early 1900s, German settlers brought German Spitz dogs to America with them. The breed quickly became popular; however, dog fanciers changed the breed's name to American Eskimo due to the widespread anti-German feelings in the U.S. Nevertheless, despite its name, the dogs did not hold any roots to the Eskimo culture. It is thought that the American Eskimo is related to many different Nordic breeds including Samoyeds, Pomeranians, Keeshonden and Italian Spitz. The breed was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1913, and the National American Eskimo Dog Association was established in 1985. It was not until July of 1995 that the American Kennel Club recognized the American Eskimo placing it in the non-sporting group. While these dogs were originally bred to work on farms, they have also served many other purposes including herding, guarding, competing in obedience and agility, detecting narcotics, and performing tricks. The breed was originally tasked with the job of circus performer, traveling throughout America with other actors, both human and canine.

The American Eskimo, or Eskie, is a Spitz-type dog that was developed in Germany and was originally known as the German Spitz. There are three different variations of the American Eskimo, and they are toys, miniatures and standards. While toys can grow to between six and 10 pounds, miniatures can weigh 10 to 20, and standards can weigh anywhere from 18 to 35. As mentioned previously, these dogs are known most for their sweet dispositions and luxurious white coats. Its tail is heavily plumed and curls up and over the back. It has triangular prick ears set high on its head. Personality: If you are looking for a sweet little dog that makes a great family pet, you may want to consider getting an American Eskimo Dog. These beautiful dogs are highly intelligent making them quick learners. Furthermore, since there are three variations of the Eskie, there is sure to be one that will fit into your home. This lively little dog is most known for its sweet temperament and luxurious pure white coat. Due to its gentle and loyal demeanor, the American Eskimo makes a terrific family pet. These are friendly and affectionate dogs that love to run and play. While they are wary of strangers, they are great with children and other pets. American Eskimos are also highly intelligent and excel in obedience trials.

American Eskimo Dog image
Breed Type
Pure
Origin
Europe
Family
Function
Life Span
12-16 Years
Hypoallergenic
No
Other Names
The Eskie and the German Spitz, Eskimo Dog, American Eskimo Dog

American Eskimo Dog Build Information

Size
Medium
Length (Male)
13-20 in.
Length (Female)
18-20 in.
Weight
26 - 40 lbs
Litter Size
4 - 5 Puppies
Tail Dock or Crop
No
Preferred Climate
Any Climate

The American Eskimo, or Eskie, is a Spitz-type dog that was developed in Germany and was originally known as the German Spitz. There are three different variations of the American Eskimo, and they are toys, miniatures and standards. While toys can grow to between six and 10 pounds, miniatures can weigh 10 to 20, and standards can weigh anywhere from 18 to 35.

As mentioned previously, these dogs are known most for their sweet dispositions and luxurious white coats.

Its tail is heavily plumed and curls up and over the back. It has triangular prick ears set high on its head.

Behaviour and Personality

Kid Friendliness
Affection Level
Activity Level
Energy Level
Independant
Good to Other Pets
Dominating or Submissive?
Guardian Skills
Barking
Aggressiveness Level

If you are looking for a sweet little dog that makes a great family pet, you may want to consider getting an American Eskimo Dog. These beautiful dogs are highly intelligent making them quick learners. Furthermore, since there are three variations of the Eskie, there is sure to be one that will fit into your home. This lively little dog is most known for its sweet temperament and luxurious pure white coat.

Due to its gentle and loyal demeanor, the American Eskimo makes a terrific family pet.

These are friendly and affectionate dogs that love to run and play. While they are wary of strangers, they are great with children and other pets. American Eskimos are also highly intelligent and excel in obedience trials.

Appearance

Colors
White
Shedding
Seasonal
Grooming
Medium Maintenance
Coat Type
Fluffy

Due to the American Eskimos thick, long coat, you will need to brush it at least every other day. However, you should brush it daily during shedding seasons. Typically, you will only need to bathe your Eskie once or twice a month unless it becomes overly dirty. Nails should be clipped when necessary.

Breed's Talents and Facts

Training
Easy
Hunting Companion
No
Jolly for Jogging
Yes
Sighting Capabilities
No
Ideal for Tracking
No
Retrieving Skills
No
Pointing Breed
No
Herding Skills
No
Dutiful Watchdog
Yes
Security Guard Capable
Yes
Police Performer
No
Wet Water rescues
No
Assist Disable Owners
No
Dog Sledding
No
Able to Perform Dog Carting
No
Agile/Zippy
Yes
Fun with Lure Coursing
No
Obedient
Yes
Possible Schutzhund Work
No
Trainable for Tricks
Yes
  • American Eskimo Dogs were once used as circus performers
  • Despite being a Spitz breed, the American Eskimo was never a sled dog
  • Some American Eskimos can have cream or gold markings
  • The American Kennel Club (ACK) officially recognized the breed in 1995
  • The American is descended from a variety of European Spitzes
  • These ancestral dogs include the white keeshond, the white German spitz, the white Pomeranian, and the white Italian spitz
  • The breed officially became known as the American Eskimo dog in 1917; it is unknown why the breed was given this name, but it is assumed that the name is homage to the native Eskimo people

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Common Health Conditions in American Eskimo Dogs

American Eskimos are typically hardy dogs that can live up to 16 years. However, some Eskies can develop various health issues such as hip dysplasia, luxating patellas, dental issues, tear-staining and progressive retinal atrophy. Nevertheless, none of these problems are common.

American Eskimo Dog Pet Insurance

When adding a dog or cat to your family you want to make sure your pet is happy, healthy and protected. During its lifetime your pet is exposed to many illnesses and diseases and some breeds are affected by a congenital disease which is a condition existing at birth. At these moments when your pet is ill or maybe needs surgery, you want to be protected for the unexpected and high veterinarian costs.

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