Bernese Mountain Dog

The Bernese mountain dog is believed to have developed through cross breeding among farm dogs and mastiff-type dogs in the Swiss Alps. The ancestors of the breed were working dogs, used for cart pulling, guarding livestock, and providing companionship for farmers and herders. After World War I, the breed was introduced to the rest of the world. In 1936, the first litter of Bernese mountain dog puppies was born in England. In 1945, more dogs were imported to America, and the breed club was finally founded in 1968. The dog continues to grow in popularity today due, in part, to its excellent temperament.

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a large dog breed that is sturdy and strong. It has a thick, long coat, which is wavy or straight, enabling insulation from the cold. The Bernese is able to run at great speed and agility if necessary, but prefers a slow trot. Personality: These are mellow, friendly dogs that are perfect family companions. They can be mischievous in their adolescent stage, but are generally calm, gentle and devoted. They need moderate daily exercise with good long walks or plays. They are friendly towards other dogs.

Bernese Mountain Dog image
Breed Type
Pure
Origin
Europe
Function
Life Span
8-9 Years
Hypoallergenic
No
Other Names
Berner, Bernese Mountain Dog

Bernese Mountain Dog Build Information

Size
Large
Length (Male)
22-27 in.
Length (Female)
22-24 in.
Weight
> 65 lbs
Litter Size
5 - 10 Puppies
Tail Dock or Crop
No
Preferred Climate
Cold

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a large dog breed that is sturdy and strong. It has a thick, long coat, which is wavy or straight, enabling insulation from the cold. The Bernese is able to run at great speed and agility if necessary, but prefers a slow trot.

Behaviour and Personality

Kid Friendliness
Affection Level
Activity Level
Energy Level
Independant
Good to Other Pets
Dominating or Submissive?
Guardian Skills
Barking
Aggressiveness Level

These are mellow, friendly dogs that are perfect family companions. They can be mischievous in their adolescent stage, but are generally calm, gentle and devoted. They need moderate daily exercise with good long walks or plays. They are friendly towards other dogs.

Appearance

Colors
Black Rust White
Shedding
Seasonal
Grooming
High Maintenance
Coat Type
Dense

The Bernese mountain dog has a gorgeous coat. Its beauty doesn’t require professional maintenance, but it does need to be brushed regularly. If you do not want hair in your house and on your clothing, the breed is not recommended. Daily brushing can help keep the shedding down, but nothing will stop it entirely.

If your dog does not wear down its nails naturally, trim them every four weeks.

The thick ears can hold moisture, so be sure to check your dog's ears once a week. Your veterinarian can provide an appropriate cleanser.

Breed's Talents and Facts

Training
Easy
Hunting Companion
No
Jolly for Jogging
Yes
Sighting Capabilities
No
Ideal for Tracking
Yes
Retrieving Skills
No
Pointing Breed
No
Herding Skills
Yes
Dutiful Watchdog
Yes
Security Guard Capable
Yes
Police Performer
No
Wet Water rescues
No
Assist Disable Owners
No
Dog Sledding
No
Able to Perform Dog Carting
Yes
Agile/Zippy
No
Fun with Lure Coursing
No
Obedient
Yes
Possible Schutzhund Work
Yes
Trainable for Tricks
No
  • The lifespan of the Bernese mountain dog is a very short six to eight years
  • The cost of owning this breed can be high due to its many health issues
  • Bernese mountain dogs often develop destructive behaviors if they are not able to be with their families regularly
  • The breed is a heavy shedder all year long
  • Bernese mountain dogs are very gentle with children, but care should be taken due to their large size because they are able to knock down small children easily
  • The Bernese mountain dog is also known as “the Berner” by people who love the breed

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Common Health Conditions in Bernese Mountain Dogs

Even though the Bernese mountain dog is one with a fantastic temperament, it has multiple health issues which may dissuade people from welcoming the breed into their home. Veterinary care for Bernese mountain dogs can be costly. Bernese mountain dogs are susceptible to cancer, hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, portosystemic shunt, Von Willebrand\'s Disease, panesteitis, and gastric torsion. Because the breed is prone to so many health problems, it is advisable to only purchase your dog from a reputable breeder who has put the sire and dam through health testing.

Bernese Mountain Dog Pet Insurance

When adding a dog or cat to your family you want to make sure your pet is happy, healthy and protected. During its lifetime your pet is exposed to many illnesses and diseases and some breeds are affected by a congenital disease which is a condition existing at birth. At these moments when your pet is ill or maybe needs surgery, you want to be protected for the unexpected and high veterinarian costs.

Insure your Bernese Mountain Dog

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