Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terrier

The Jack Russell terrier was named after John Russell, the Oxford reverend and hunting enthusiast who was commonly known as the sporting parson. He developed the breed in southern England from the now extinct English white terrier in his quest to create the ultimate hunting dog during the 1800s. The result was an agile little dog that could pursue red fox over land and into subterranean burrows. In America, the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America was formed in 1976, adhering to strict standards for the hunting dog. In their determination to maintain these standards, members were adamantly opposed when the American Kennel Club considered recognition of the Jack Russell terrier. One group was not adverse to the notion of such recognition, however, and the Parson Russell Terrier Association of the United States was formed. The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1997 as a member of the terrier group, but because the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America trademarked the name of Jack Russell terrier, the name used for American Kennel Club registration is the Parson Russell terrier. The standards for the Parson Russell terrier call for a slightly longer body and longer legs, but these are the only differences between the Jack Russell and the Parson Russell terriers.

The Jack Russell terrier is a small dog, standing 13 to 14 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing 13 to 17 pounds. His sturdy legs and compact frame are built for strength, endurance and agility. His double coat protects him against the elements and the underbrush during hunting expeditions. The coat, which may be smooth or wiry, is predominantly white, and it may display a few tan, brown or black markings.

Personality

If you are considering a Jack Russell terrier as a new family member, be prepared to be entertained. The jaunty and enthusiastic antics of the Jack Russell’s boundless energy are never in short supply. He is also affectionate and eager to please, making him a beloved canine companion. Jack Russell terriers are insatiable diggers, which stems from their hunting instincts of digging and burrowing to find their quarry. They will hunt moles, chipmunks other small mammals in their yards. They generally do not get along with cats or other smaller pets because they perceive these creatures as potential prey. They were bred to hunt with other dogs, so most will interact well with other canine housemates. The breed is not an ideal choice for families with young children. Their limited amount of patience and tolerance can result in growling or nipping. Jack Russell terriers are tenacious and stubborn, but they are highly intelligent and easily trained to perform tricks and carry out small tasks. Their intelligence and high energy level requires them to be kept occupied and provided with tasks, toys and dog puzzle games to focus on, or they become destructive in their own search of something gratifying to do. They must also be exercised daily to expend some of their energy. They make ideal candidates for activities that provide mental and physical stimulation, such as agility coursing. Jack Russell terriers are outgoing, playful, friendly and affectionate, making them fun companions. They are also alert, they bark considerably and they have a territorial nature, making them excellent watchdogs.

Breed Characteristics

Type:Pure
Family:Hunters
Function:Hunting
Origin:Europe
Preferred Climate:Any Climate
Group:Terriers
Life Span:12-14 Years
Nicknames:Jack, JRT, Parson Russell Terrier, and Parson Russell.
Hypoallergenic:No

Jack Russell Terrier Build Information

The Jack Russell terrier is a small dog, standing 13 to 14 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing 13 to 17 pounds. His sturdy legs and compact frame are built for strength, endurance and agility. His double coat protects him against the elements and the underbrush during hunting expeditions. The coat, which may be smooth or wiry, is predominantly white, and it may display a few tan, brown or black markings.

Size:Small
Length (Male):13-20 in.
Length (Female):14-16 in.
Weight:15 - 25 lbs
Litter Size:5 - 10 Puppies
Tail Dock or Crop:Docked

Behaviour and Personality

If you are considering a Jack Russell terrier as a new family member, be prepared to be entertained. The jaunty and enthusiastic antics of the Jack Russell’s boundless energy are never in short supply. He is also affectionate and eager to please, making him a beloved canine companion. Jack Russell terriers are insatiable diggers, which stems from their hunting instincts of digging and burrowing to find their quarry. They will hunt moles, chipmunks other small mammals in their yards. They generally do not get along with cats or other smaller pets because they perceive these creatures as potential prey. They were bred to hunt with other dogs, so most will interact well with other canine housemates. The breed is not an ideal choice for families with young children. Their limited amount of patience and tolerance can result in growling or nipping. Jack Russell terriers are tenacious and stubborn, but they are highly intelligent and easily trained to perform tricks and carry out small tasks. Their intelligence and high energy level requires them to be kept occupied and provided with tasks, toys and dog puzzle games to focus on, or they become destructive in their own search of something gratifying to do. They must also be exercised daily to expend some of their energy. They make ideal candidates for activities that provide mental and physical stimulation, such as agility coursing. Jack Russell terriers are outgoing, playful, friendly and affectionate, making them fun companions. They are also alert, they bark considerably and they have a territorial nature, making them excellent watchdogs.

Activity Level:Very Active
Affection Level:Very Affectionate
Aggressiveness Level:High
Barking:Noisy
Dominating or Submissive?:Dominating
Energy Level:Very Active
Good to Other Pets:Moderate Friendly
Guardian Skills:No
Independant:No
Kid Friendliness:Friendly

Appearance

Jack Russell terriers are moderate shedders. While their coats require minimal grooming, weekly brushing will remove the dead hairs and keep his skin and coat healthy. Their ears should be inspected and kept clean during these brushing sessions. Brushing their teeth several times each week will maintain oral and overall health.

Colors:Black, Light Brown, Red-Black Brindle, Tan, Tan Brindle, White
Shedding:Moderate
Grooming:Low Maintenance
Coat Type:Rough

Jack Russell Terrier Common Health Conditions

The Jack Russell terrier is a tough and hardy dog. Some genetic health conditions to be aware of in the breed include patellar luxation, congenital deafness and eye problems that include glaucoma, cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy. The average lifespan of the Jack Russell is 12 to 14 years.

Jack Russell Terrier Pet Insurance

When adding a dog or cat to your family you want to make sure your pet is happy, healthy and protected. During its lifetime your pet is exposed to many illnesses and diseases and some breeds are affected by a congenital disease which is a condition existing at birth. At these moments when your pet is ill or maybe needs surgery, you want to be protected for the unexpected and high veterinarian costs.

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Breed Talents and Facts

The Jack Russell terrier originated in England. The Jack Russell terrier is also called a Parson Russell terrier. Jack Russell terriers are intelligent, outgoing, alert and tenacious. They love to dig and bark, and they possess strong hunting instincts. Jack Russell terriers stand 13 to 14 inches tall and weigh 13 to 17 pounds. Jack Russell terriers have a very high energy level. Jack Russell terriers require minimal grooming. The average lifespan for a Jack Russell terrier is 12 to 14 years.

Training:Easy
Hunting Companion:Yes
Jolly for Jogging:Yes
Sighting Capabilities:No
Ideal for Tracking:Yes
Retrieving Skills:No
Pointing Breed:No
Herding Skills:No
Dutiful Watchdog:Yes
Security Guard Capable:No
Police Performer:No
Wet Water rescues:No
Assist Disable Owners:No
Dog Sledding:No
Able to Perform Dog Carting:No
Agile/Zippy:Yes
Fun with Lure Coursing:No
Obedient:No
Possible Schutzhund Work:No
Trainable for Tricks:Yes