Pomeranian

Pomeranians are small Spitz-type dogs that came from Germany where they were developed as loving and delightful companions. They are known by several different names including Pomeranians, Pommys, Pom Poms, Poms, Dwarf Spitz, Spitz Nains, Spitz Enanos, Deutscher Spitz and Zwergspitz. Pomeranians have been around in Germany since about the mid-1700s. They were a favorite breed of Queen Charlotte who had several of them shipped to her home in England. These early Poms were much larger than today's dogs, with many of them averaging up to 30 pounds as adults. It was during Queen Victoria's reign that Pomeranians became quite popular, and breeders began using the smaller dogs in an effort to breed them down in size. It is thought that such dogs as the Schipperke, Keeshond, American Eskimo and German Spitz may have been used in breeding programs to obtain the smaller dogs we know today.

The Pomeranian is a tiny spitz with small ears and a furry coat. It has a tailed coat and in many ways looks like a small fox. This dog breed has a double coat with a dense, soft undercoat and a profuse coarse outer coat that makes it look furry and puffy. Its coat needs regular attention and needs to be brushed frequently. Today's Pomeranians are toy-sized dogs that average about three to seven pounds fully grown. However, due to their background, some Pomeranians can grow to as much as 10 pounds or even larger. This little dog has a luxurious coat that has a long overcoat and a soft, fuzzy undercoat. Although early Poms were only white, black or cream, today's Pomeranians come in many different colors including orange, red, white, cream, black, chocolate, sables, parti-colors, beaver, brindle, black and tan, and merles. The ears of Poms should be small, triangular and erect. The face should be fox-like, and the tail is typically carried up and over the back with heavy feathering. Personality: The Pomeranian is active, busy and curious. It's very playful and confident and always ready to play. It has low exercise needs, which can be satisfied by short walks or indoor play. It's tolerant of children but will not tolerate teasing or rough play. It tends to be yappy and aggressive towards other dogs. It's reserved towards strangers. Pomeranians are lively little dogs who love to play and cuddle with their owners when they are tired. Many of them can be somewhat high strung and will bark whenever they hear or see something out of the ordinary. Some of them may also become frightened easily when they hear loud noises or are placed in strange situations.

Pomeranian image
Breed Type
Pure
Origin
Europe
Family
Group
Function
Life Span
12-15 Years
Hypoallergenic
No
Other Names
Pomeranians, Pommys, Pom Poms, Poms, Dwarf Spitz, Spitz Nains, Spitz Enanos, Deutscher Spitz, Zwergspitz, Pomeranian

Pomeranian Build Information

Size
Toy
Length (Male)
8-12 in.
Length (Female)
10-12 in.
Weight
< 14 lbs
Litter Size
1 - 3 Puppies
Tail Dock or Crop
No
Preferred Climate
Cold

The Pomeranian is a tiny spitz with small ears and a furry coat. He has a tailed coat and in many ways looks like a small fox. This dog breed has a double coat with a dense, soft undercoat and a profuse coarse outer coat that makes it look furry and puffy. His coat needs regular attention and needs to be brushed frequently. Today's Pomeranians are toy-sized dogs that average about three to seven pounds fully grown.

However, due to their background, some Pomeranians can grow to as much as 10 pounds or even larger.

This little dog has a luxurious coat that has a long overcoat and a soft, fuzzy undercoat. Although early Poms were only white, black or cream, today's Pomeranians come in many different colors including orange, red, white, cream, black, chocolate, sables, parti-colors, beaver, brindle, black and tan, and merles. The ears of Poms should be small, triangular and erect. The face should be fox-like, and the tail is typically carried up and over the back with heavy feathering.

Behaviour and Personality

Kid Friendliness
Affection Level
Activity Level
Energy Level
Independant
Good to Other Pets
Dominating or Submissive?
Guardian Skills
Barking
Aggressiveness Level

The Pomeranian is active, busy and curious. He is very playful and confident and always ready to play. He has low exercise needs, which can be satisfied by short walks or indoor play. He is tolerant of children but will not tolerate teasing or rough play. He tends to be yappy and aggressive towards other dogs.

He is reserved towards strangers.

Pomeranians are lively little dogs who love to play and cuddle with their owners when they are tired. Many of them can be somewhat high strung and will bark whenever they hear or see something out of the ordinary. Some of them may also become frightened easily when they hear loud noises or are placed in strange situations.

Appearance

Colors
Black Black & Tan Blue Cream Light Brown Orange Red Red Tick Red-Black Brindle Sable Tan Brindle White Wolf Color
Shedding
Constant
Grooming
High Maintenance
Coat Type
Fluffy

Due to the Pomeranian's long, thick coat, you will need to brush him two or three times a week to keep mats from developing in his hair. During shedding season, you may want to brush him daily. Poms are relatively clean dogs that will only require an occasional bathing. However, it is good practice to check his ears regularly for excess wax.

If you notice excessive wax in your Pom's ears, do not use a cotton swab to clean it out.

Instead, use the tip of a damp rag to gently wipe it out. If your pet's nails get overly long, you can clip just the tips of them off using a guillotine-style nail clipper made for dogs.

Breed's Talents and Facts

Training
Easy
Hunting Companion
No
Jolly for Jogging
No
Sighting Capabilities
No
Ideal for Tracking
No
Retrieving Skills
No
Pointing Breed
No
Herding Skills
No
Dutiful Watchdog
Yes
Security Guard Capable
No
Police Performer
No
Wet Water rescues
No
Assist Disable Owners
No
Dog Sledding
No
Able to Perform Dog Carting
No
Agile/Zippy
Yes
Fun with Lure Coursing
No
Obedient
No
Possible Schutzhund Work
No
Trainable for Tricks
Yes
  • Pomeranians got their name from the territory in Germany known as Pomerania
  • Due to their delicate bones, Pomeranians are not recommended for homes that have small children
  • You should never leave your Pomeranians outdoors alone as wild animals may perceive them as prey

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Pomeranian Training

The Pomeranian definitely has a unique personality. The Pomeranian is extremely energetic. They are also highly intelligent and respond well to training. Proper and consistent training is crucial in this breed though, as they are prone to developing aggression and other behavior problems if not trained correctly. House training is often the most difficult with the Pomeranian as they have small bladders and must be let outside every 2-3 hours. Barking can also be a problem in this small breed due to their protective instincts. They will often bark at any noise to ensure you are safe. Training this breed to be quiet on command is often necessary.

Common Health Conditions in Pomeranians

Although a healthy Pomeranian can live as long as 15 years or longer, there are several health issues that this breed can be prone to developing. If you choose this breed, you will need to be aware of these issues and how to handle them. The most common of these conditions can be found here: Hypoglycemia, Pattelar Luxation, Collapsed Trachea, Black Skin Disease, Open Fontanels, Hydrocephalus, Early Tooth Loss and Various Heart Problems. If you are looking for a sweet little companion that will fit into most any home, the Pomeranian may be the breed for you. These little dogs bond quickly to their owners and love to cuddle on their laps. They are also quite devoted and will greet you with enthusiasm every time you return home.

Pomeranian Pet Insurance

When adding a dog or cat to your family you want to make sure your pet is happy, healthy and protected. During its lifetime your pet is exposed to many illnesses and diseases and some breeds are affected by a congenital disease which is a condition existing at birth. At these moments when your pet is ill or maybe needs surgery, you want to be protected for the unexpected and high veterinarian costs.

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