If you have noticed that your dog’s eyes are swollen, watery or inflamed, it probably has some form of eye problem. Eye conditions in dogs are actually quite common, and there are many different types that your pet may suffer from. However, described below are some of the most common eye problems in dogs that veterinarians regularly treat.
Common Conditions of Eye Problems in Dogs
As stated above, there are many types of eye conditions in dogs that affects the animal; however, there are some that occur more often than others. Five of these conditions, their most common symptoms, and typical treatments are listed below. The treatments that your dog will need if it has an eye problem depends solely on the condition it is suffering from. While some eye problems may only require an antibiotic cream, others may require surgery.
- Cataracts in Dogs Cataracts in dogs occur most often in seniors, but they can also develop due to diabetes complications. Symptoms include cloudy or milky eyes and vision impairments. Typical treatment of Cataracts : Surgical Removal.
- Conjunctivitis in Dogs Conjunctivitis, or pink eye, is a type of dog eye infection that occurs when the membranes of the eyelid’s inner surfaces become irritated. Symptoms include red eyes, swollen eyelids and thick discharge. Typical treatment of Conjunctivitis : Topical Antibiotics.
- Eyelid Protrusion in Dogs Eyelid protrusion, or Cherry Eye, refers to a swollen mass that protrudes from the dog’s eyelid. Signs of cherry eye are an oval mass protruding from the eyelid, inflammation, swelling and irritation. Typical treatment of Eyelid Protrusion : Anti-Inflammatory Drugs and Surgical Removal of the Affected Gland.
- Dry Eye in Dogs Dry eye is a form of Conjunctivitis known as Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca. This condition occurs due to a decrease in tear production. Warning signs of dry eye are sticky mucus discharge, redness, irritation and light sensitivity. Typical treatment of Dry Eye: LiquiTears, Puralube Ointment and/or Optimmune.
- Collie Eye Anomoly in Dogs Collie eye anamoly is an inherited congenital condition that can result in various defects such as retinal detachment, microphthalmia and anterior corneal stromal mineralization. Since the symptoms of Collie eye anomoly can vary significantly, the best way to determine whether or not your pet is affected is through testing. Typical treatment of Collie Eye Anomoly: Laser Surgery, Cryosurgery and/or Surgical reattachment of the Retina.
Breeds Affected by Eye Problems in Dogs
Although most any breed of dog can develop the above eye problems, there are some breeds that are more predisposed to them than others. Listed below are the breeds of dogs that are most commonly affected by these conditions:
- Cataracts in Dogs Senior dogs, Miniature Poodles, Siberian Huskies, Cocker Spaniels, Boston Terriers, Miniature Schnauzers and Golden Retrievers
- Conjunctivitis in Dogs Newborn Puppies, German Shepherds, Collies, Dogs with Allergies and Dogs that Spend a Great Deal of Time Outdoors
- Eyelid Protrusion in Dogs Bloodhounds, Bulldogs, Shih Tzus, Cocker Spaniels, Beagles and Lhasa Apsos
- Dry Eye in Dogs Cocker Spaniels, Shih Tzus, Bulldogs, Lhasa Apsos, Bloodhounds and Beagles
- Collie Eye Anomoly in Dogs Rough and Smooth Collies, Border Collies, Australian Shepherds, Shetland Sheepdogs and Lancashire Heelers
These are just a few of the most common eye problems in dogs today. Some other commonly-seen eye conditions in dogs include glaucoma, corneal ulceration, uveitis and retinal degeneration. If you notice any problems with your dog’s eyes, it is best to seek the help of a veterinarian as soon as possible.