Leonberger

Heinrich Essig, a dog breeder from Leonberg in Germany, created the Leonberger during the mid-1800s. The St. Bernard and the landseer were two of the breeds that went into the Leonberger’s development. The Leonberger’s main roles were family companion, draft dog and farm hand. After World War I, their numbers had diminished to near extinction, and devoted efforts successfully restored the breed. In 2010, the American Kennel Club recognized the Leonberger as a member of the working group.

The Leonberger is a giant and very muscular dog breed but with a noble elegance. Their ears are medium-sized and pendant. Their most distinctive feature is their black mask. Their coats are double and straight. They need to be brushed regularly. Bathe when needed. Personality: The Leonberger is gentle, patient and affectionate. Leonbergers are very affectionate and loving. They are very fond of children, and are sweet and kind towards most people. They need to be walked on a daily basis but are not massively energetic. Leonbergers get on well with other dogs or pets.

Leonberger image
Breed Type
Pure
Origin
Europe
Function
Life Span
6-8 Years
Hypoallergenic
No
Other Names
Leo, Gentle Lion, Gentle Giant, Leonberger

Leonberger Build Information

Size
Large
Length (Male)
27-33 in.
Length (Female)
22-24 in.
Weight
> 65 lbs
Litter Size
5 - 10 Puppies
Tail Dock or Crop
No
Preferred Climate
Cold

The giant Leonberger stands at an average height of 25.5 to 31.5 at the shoulders, and the dog tips the scales at 120 to 170 pounds. The regal appearance is due in part to a thick and luxurious double coat that covers the Leonberger’s muscular physique. The length of the hair is between medium and long. The coat may be reddish brown, sandy, red or yellowish brown. These dogs always have a black mask, and some dogs may exhibit black tips on the hairs throughout the outer coat. There is feathering on the ears, tail and the backs of the legs, and a mane is displayed around the dog’s shoulders. The bushy tail and the triangular ears all hang downward.

The Leonberger is a giant and very muscular dog breed but with a noble elegance.

Their ears are medium-sized and pendant. Their most distinctive feature is their black mask. Their coats are double and straight. They need to be brushed regularly. Bathe when needed.

Behaviour and Personality

Kid Friendliness
Affection Level
Activity Level
Energy Level
Independant
Good to Other Pets
Dominating or Submissive?
Guardian Skills
Barking
Aggressiveness Level

The Leonberger is the perfect example of the calm and gentle giant. The breed is a sweet, loving, affectionate and loyal companion for families. It gets along exceptionally well with children, and it is also good with most other household pets. The Leonberger is intelligent and easy to train, and it makes a good watchdog. Young Leonbergers need plenty of obedience training, socialization, daily walks, play sessions and mental stimulation to keep them manageable, outgoing and out of mischievous trouble. The regal and magnificent Leonberger makes an outstanding family companion with its affectionate, loyal and child-friendly demeanor.

The Leonberger is gentle, patient and affectionate.

Leonbergers are very affectionate and loving. They are very fond of children, and are sweet and kind towards most people. They need to be walked on a daily basis but are not massively energetic. Leonbergers get on well with other dogs or pets.

Appearance

Colors
Black & Tan Cream Gold Red Red-Black Brindle Sandy Yellow
Shedding
Seasonal
Grooming
Medium Maintenance
Coat Type
Water-Repellent

The thick double coat of a Leonberger has plenty of hair to shed. Thoroughly brush through the coat once or twice a week to remove some of the dead hair and minimize the accumulation on house floors and furnishings. During the heavy shedding seasons, brushing will need to be accomplished daily.

Combing the feathered hair on the tail, ears and legs will prevent tangling.

Keeping the ears clean and dry will reduce the incidence of ear infections. Brushing the teeth every other day will keep oral and overall health optimal.

Breed's Talents and Facts

Training
Moderately easy to train
Hunting Companion
No
Jolly for Jogging
Yes
Sighting Capabilities
No
Ideal for Tracking
Yes
Retrieving Skills
No
Pointing Breed
No
Herding Skills
No
Dutiful Watchdog
Yes
Security Guard Capable
Yes
Police Performer
No
Wet Water rescues
Yes
Assist Disable Owners
No
Dog Sledding
Yes
Able to Perform Dog Carting
Yes
Agile/Zippy
No
Fun with Lure Coursing
No
Obedient
Yes
Possible Schutzhund Work
Yes
Trainable for Tricks
No
  • The Leonberger originated in Leonberg in Germany
  • The Leonberger is a loyal and loving gentle giant
  • The Leonberger stands 25,5 to 31,5 inches tall and weighs 120 to 170 pounds
  • Leonbergers have moderate energy levels
  • Leonbergers require moderate grooming
  • The average lifespan for Leonberger is 6 to 8 years

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Common Health Conditions in Leonbergers

Sadly, like most of the giant breeds, the Leonberger has a short average lifespan of 6 to 8 years. The breed is also prone to numerous health conditions. Some orthopedic problems include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, panosteitis, osteochondritis dissecans and osteosarcoma, or bone cancer. Some eye conditions include entropion and cataracts. Other conditions of note include Addison’s disease, hypothyroidism, polyneuropathy and gastric torsion, or bloat.

Leonberger Pet Insurance

When adding a dog or cat to your family you want to make sure your pet is happy, healthy and protected. During its lifetime your pet is exposed to many illnesses and diseases and some breeds are affected by a congenital disease which is a condition existing at birth. At these moments when your pet is ill or maybe needs surgery, you want to be protected for the unexpected and high veterinarian costs.

Insure your Leonberger

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